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Kavarna and Kaliakra

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Kaliakra and Kavarna

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Kavarna

Since 2004 the town has turned in one of the centres of musical life in Bulgaria. Kavarna has been the host to several rock and roll concerts. In 2005 the most popular band to play in the town’s stadium was Deep Purple. The other notable performers were mostly legends of German rock and heavy metal music, such as Scorpions, Axel Rudi Pell, Gamma Ray, Masterplan and Destruction. On 27 August 2005 Accept, another German band, played here its last show ever. There is also a mural of Whitesnake singer David Coverdale. 2006 followed the tradition with concerts of more metal bands as well as some pop and dance musicians. For example, Russian pop star Filipp Kirkorov sang there in September. In 2007, performers included Black Sabbath, John Lawton Band, Manowar, Mot?rhead, Robert Plant, and Ronnie James Dio. The next year saw the return of Manowar with a 5 hour attempt to set a world record for the longest heavy metal concert. The next two days Alice Cooper, Slayer and In Flames held concerts. In July 2009, Motley Crue will be headlining the rock-fest, with Scorpions, Blind Guardian and Dream Theater also participating.

The distance from the village (Bozhurets) to the Gary Player PGA Championship Golf Course is only 2 km which is one of the biggest projects on the Black Sea Coast called “Thracian Cliffs”. It will include a four star hotel, villa complex, luxury apartments and a marina. A second Gary Player Golf Resort is being built just 3 km away, while 8 km away, a third golf course designed by Ian Woosnam is also under construction.

Kaliakra

Kaliakra (Bulgarian: Калиакра; historical names: Thracian: Tirizis, Turkish: Celigra Burun, Italian: Capo Calacria, Romanian: Caliacra) is a long and narrow headland in the Southern Dobruja region of the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, located 12 km east of Kavarna and 60 km northeast of Varna. The coast is steep with vertical cliffs reaching 70 m down to the sea.

Kaliakra is a nature reserve, where dolphins, cormorants and pinnipeds can be observed. It also features the remnants of the fortified walls, water-main, baths and residence of Despot Dobrotitsa in the short-lived Principality of Karvuna’s medieval capital. The cove Bolata with a small sheltered beach lies just north at the mouth of a picturesque canyon, also part of the nature reserve.

The name “Kaliakra” is of Byzantine Greek origin. It is a combination of “kali” (“beautiful”) and “akra” (“headland” or “fortress”) and is traditionally translated as “Beautiful Headland”.

Kaliakra was the site of the naval Battle of Cape Kaliakra on 11 August 1791, part of the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–1792.

The first modern lighthouse on Kaliakra was built in 1866 by the Compagnie des Phares de l’Empire Ottomane; the present one (a 10-m cylindrical stone masonry tower with lantern and gallery) was erected in 1901, with focal plane height of 68 m and a white flash (every 5 seconds); it also has a radio navigation emitter and a foghorn.

Near Kaliakra, there is a large mediumwave broadcasting facility, which went never in service as planned. Currently (2009), several wind power facilities are under development in the vicinity. The area now has 3 championship golf courses designed by the legendary golfers Gary Player and Ian Woosnam.